Common Eye Problems

As you get older , you are more likely to have some of these eye problems. But they can also affect anyone at any age.

Presbyopia
This condition is when you lose the ability to clearly see small print and close objects. It is actually a normal process that happens gradually over a period of a lifetime. In most cases you may not notice any change until over the age of 40. This condition can often be improved or corrected with reading glasses.

Floaters
Tiny specks that float across your field of vision are called floaters. They are often normal but sometimes can be a sign of a serious eye problem.
Retinal detachment is one of those potential problems especially if you see light flashes or a dark shadow across the edge of your vision.
Most people notice them on a bright day or in a well lit room .
If you notice a sudden change in the type or number of spots or flashes be sure to give us a call and get it checked out.

Dry Eyes
Dry eye happens when the tear glands cannot make enough tears or that they make poor quality tears. It can be quite uncomfortable and the condition causes itching and a burning sensation. In some rare cases it can lead to some loss of vision.
Sometimes using a humidifier or special eye drops can help. Testosterone eye cream can also help.

Tearing
Being sensitive to light, wind or temperature changes can cause too many tears. We always advise shielding your self by wearing sunglasses or a wide brim hat.
Tearing can also mean that you have a more serious problem such as an eye infection or a blocked tear duct. These can by both treated with the correct assessment.

Cataracts
Cloudy areas in your eye lens are called cataracts. When you have a cataract light cant get through easily and ultimately you cant see as well. They usually form slowly and in most cases don’t cause any discomfort, pain, redness or tearing in the eye. Some stay small and don’t affect your sight but if they get worse and become larger or thicker than surgery may be the only option.

Glaucoma
Built up pressure in your eye is a condition called glaucoma. You normally have some safe pressure in your eye, but when this pressure goes up it can lead injury to the optic nerve. Other causes of glaucoma can be caused by an injury to the eye, a sever eye infection, blocked blood vessels, or inflammation of the eye. Treatment ranges from eye drops to surgery.

Retinal Disorders
The retina is a thin lining on the back of your eye made up of cells that collect images and pass them on to the brain. Retinal disorders disrupt this transfer. They include age related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and retinal detachment. Upon early diagnosis and treatment may save your sight.

Conjunctivitis
This condition commonly known as “pink eye” or “red eye”, the tissue that lines the eyelids and covers the cornea get inflamed. It can cause redness, itching and a burning sensation. You feel like you have something in your eye. It affects people of all ages and can be caused by an infection, exposure to chemicals, having allergies. By washing your hands before eating and touching your mouth can help minimise this condition.

Corneal Diseases
Infection, injury and exposure to toxic things can damage the cornea. It causes redness, watery eyes, pain and in some cases reduced vision. Medicated eye drops and having surgery are some of the ways to help keep this in control.

Eyelid Problems
The purpose of your eyelids is to protect the eye, spread tears over its surface and maintains the amount of light that can get in. Itching, pain, tearing, and sensitivity to light are usually the most common symptoms of eyelid problems. There are other problems that can include dropping eyelids, blink spasms, inflamed out edges near the eyelash. Eyelid problems can be treated with proper medication, cleaning or possibly surgery.

Temporal Arteritis
Temporal arteritis is also known as the giant cell arteritis. This condition is an inflamation of the arteries throughout the human body. It starts of with a severe headache, tenderness or swelling in the temple area and pain when chewing. In a few days or weeks sudden vision loss can occur, usually in one eye. Shaking, weight loss, and a mild fever are also other symptoms. Seek medical advice if you suffer from such symptoms and consult an eye specialist. Medication may save your vision if identified early.

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